In Vitro Fertilization

In Vitro FertilizationOver the past 25 years, human reproductive science has gone from exploration and experimentation to pregnancy rates as high as 65 percent in initiated cycles. Since the addition of IVF technology at The Fertility Center of Oregon, the residents of Southern and Central Oregon have access to a regional resource center for comprehensive fertility services.

Essentially, there is no reproductive challenge that cannot be overcome. Sterilization of one or both partners, post-reproductive age women requiring anonymous or known egg donors, and severe male-factor infertility are just a few of the situations we successfully treat.

IVF begins with treatment of hormone therapy (ovulation induction) to stimulate multiple eggs to maturity. Once the eggs are large enough to harvest the doctor will retrieve them by guided ultrasound under anesthesia.

Both eggs and sperm are combined via either conventional IVF, which is putting many sperm with an egg or by Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) which is where the embryologist will inject a single sperm into the mature egg to achieve fertilization.

When the embryos are approx. three to six days usually one to two of the healthiest embryos will be transferred into the recipient uterus and any remaining embryos are available to cryopreserve for future use.

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Oocyte Cumulus Cell complex. Sperm are breaking away the cells to obtain access to the zona of the oocyte for penetration and fertilization.

Oocyte moved into focus. Sperm comes to the tip of the needle. Needle is inserted into the oocyte. Pressure is applied to pull back cytoplasm and sperm until cytoplasm rushes into the needle. Pressure then applied to needle to push or inject cytoplasm and sperm into the oocyte.